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Heat Detector For Marine

Orbis Marine A1R Heat Detector

Brand Information

Orbis Marine conventional fire detectors offer a wealth of features to save time, enhance reliability and reduce false alarms within the marine environment. These include drift compensation and DirtAlert®, a feature that warns Service Engineers via a flashing yellow LED that detectors need maintenance; and patented FasTest®, a procedure that takes just four seconds to test smoke detectors and confirm that they are functioning correctly.

Orbis Marine A1R Heat Detector
Orbis Marine A1R Heat Detector

Brand Features

Approved for use in marine environments Modern, low-profile design TimeSaver® Base for fast installation Transient rejection for false alarm reduction High humidity tolerance at up to 98% RH Wide operating temperature -40°C to +70°C


Orbis heat detectors have an open-web casing which allows air to flow freely across a thermistor which measures the air temperature every 2 seconds. A microprocessor stores the temperatures and compares them with pre-set values to determine whether a fixed upper limit – the alarm level – has been reached. In the case of rate-of-rise detectors the microprocessor uses algorithms to determine how fast the temperature is increasing. Static heat detectors respond only when a fixed temperature has been reached. Rate-of-rise detectors also have a fixed upper limit but they also measure the rate of increase in temperature. A fire might thus be detected at an earlier stage than with a static detector so that a rate-of-rise detector is to be preferred to a static heat detector unless sharp increases of heat are part of the normal environment in the area protected by the heat detector.


Heat detectors have a wide range of response characteristics and the choice of the right type for a particular application may not always seem straightforward. It is helpful to understand the way that heat detectors are classified as explained earlier and to memorize a simple rule: use the most sensitive heat detector available consistent with avoiding false alarms. In the case of heat detectors it may be necessary to take an heuristic approach, ie, trial and error, until the best solution for a particular site has been found. The flowchart (refer to datasheet PP2479) will assist in choosing the right class of heat detector. If the fire detection system is being designed to comply with BS 5839–1: 2002 heat detectors should be installed at heights of less than 12 meters with the exception of class A1 detectors, which can be installed at heights up to 13.5 meters.


The Orbis range incorporates seven heat detector classes to suit a wide variety of operating conditions in which smoke detectors are unsuitable. The European standard EN54-5:2001 classifies heat detectors according to the highest ambient temperature in which they can safely be used without risk of false alarm. The classes are identified by the letters A to G. (Class A is subdivided into A1 and A2.) In addition to the basic classification, detectors may be identified by a suffix to show that they are rate-of-rise (suffix R) or fixed temperature (suffix S) types. All heat detectors in the Orbis range are tested as static or rate-of-rise detectors and are classified as A1R, A1S, A2S, BR, BS, CR and CS.

Environmental Characteristics

The environmental performance is similar to that of the Orbis optical smoke detector but it should be noted that heat detectors are designed to work at particular ambient temperatures (refer to Specialist Environments Product Catalgue PP2479).

Product Information

The Orbis Marine Heat Detector uses a single thermistor to sense the air temperature around the detector. There are twelve heat detectors in the Orbis Marine range designed to suit a wide variety of operating conditions.


  • Dusty environments
  • Marine
Warranty 10 year
Chamber Type Chevron
Heat Classification A1R
Maximum Power-Up Time <20 seconds
Quiescent Current 95μA
Quiescent Current Tested At 24V dc
Sampling Frequency Once every 4 seconds
Polarity L1 & L2 are polarity sensitive
Minimum ‘Detector Active’ Voltage 6V
Alarm Current (At 12 Volts) 20mA
Alarm Current (At 24 Volts) 40mA
Holding Voltage (Min) 5V
Holding Voltage (Max) 33V
Holding Voltage 5 to 33V
Minimum Voltage To Light Alarm LED 5V
Alarm Reset Voltage <1V
Alarm Reset Time 1s
Alarm Load 600Ω
Humidity (Min) 0% RH
Humidity (Max) 98% RH
Humidity Note no condensation or icing
Humidity 0% to 98% (no condensation or icing)
IP Rating Value IP23D
  • BV
  • LR
  • DNV.GL
  • CCS
  • KRS
  • MED
  • ABS
Weight 70g
Colour White
Materials Housing Polycarbonate
Product Length 36mm
Product Diameter 97mm


Heat Detector Fire Alarm type ROR

Detector panas adalah jenis detector yang memiliki dua jenis elemen logam yang dapat mendeteksi (terdiri dari dua strip tebal dan strip tipis). Strip tipis lebih sensitif terhadap adanya kenaikan suhu daripada trip yang tebal. Jika tedapat kenaikan suhu yang mendadak, maka yang strip yang tipis lebih cepat merespon daripada strip yang tebal, kedua strip tersebut dapat bersentuhan satu dengan yang lain. Selama adanya kenaikan suhu normal kedua strip akan mengalami defleksi yang sama dan dengan demikian tidak menunjukkan adanya sentuhan dan reaksi. Biasanya jika laju kenaikan kurang dari 10oC dalam waktu setengah jam, detektor tidak aka memberikan alarm. Tetapi jika tingkat naik sampai 75oC atau lebih, dua strip akan bersentuhan karena defleksi, sehingga memicu adanya alarm.

Detektor panas ini beroperasi  dengan cara mendeteksi peningkatan temperatur mulai dari suhu awal, yaitu 12° hingga 15°F (6,7 ° sampai 8,3°C) dan terus meningkat  per menit. Heat detector ini terdiri dari dua termokopel panas-sensitif atau termistor. Satu termokopel digunakan untuk memantau panas yang ditransfer melalui konveksi atau radiasi. Termokopel lain merespon suhu lingkungan. Detektor panas akan merespon setiap kali suhu dari termokopel pertama meningkat secara relatif terhadap termokopel lainnya. Rate-of-Rise Heat Detectors tidak dapat merespon pelepasan energi yang rendah. Kombinasi dari heat detector ini adalah dengan menambahkan elemen suhu tetap yang dapat digunakan untuk mendeteksi api secara perlahan.

Read more : Air Ducting for Marine